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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-45

Basic techniques in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration for solid lesions: Adverse events and avoiding them

Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 200 1st St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Correspondence Address:
Michael J Levy
Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 200 1st St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2303-9027.123006

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Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is often the preferred technique for tissue acquisition in the diagnosis of suspected intrathoracic and intraabdominal pathology. Although EUS FNA is a safe and accurate procedure, it has been associated with a low risk of adverse events. The unique properties of the echoendoscope and its ability to acquire tissue outside of the gastrointestinal lumen impart risks that are not associated with routine endoscopic procedures. In this review, we discuss the risk of perforation related to the echoendoscope itself and adverse events related to FNA of solid masses including infections, bleeding, pancreatitis and pancreatic duct leak, bile duct leak and tumor seeding. We also provide tips on how to avoid the most common adverse events related to EUS-FNA.

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