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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 369-379

Efficacy and safety of EUS biliary drainage in malignant distal and hilar biliary obstruction: A comprehensive review of literature and algorithm


1 Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Endoscopy, Can Tho General Hospital, Can Tho; Department of General Surgery, Can Tho General Hospital, Can Tho, Vietnam
3 Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Excellence Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok; Pancreas Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradermchai Kongkam
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Excellence Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_59_20

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Malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) encompasses a variety of malignancies arising from the pancreaticobiliary system. This can be divided into malignant hilar biliary obstruction (MHBO) or malignant distal biliary obstruction (MDBO) biliary obstruction to which clinical outcomes and technical considerations of various biliary drainage methods may differ. EUS biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has been increasingly influential in the management of MBO together with other familiar biliary drainage methods such as ERCP and percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). Conventionally, ERCP has always been the primary choice of endoscopic biliary drainage in both MHBO and MDBO and that PTBD or EUS-BD is used as a salvage method when ERCP fails for which current guidelines recommends PTBD, especially for MHBO. This review was able to show that with today's evidence, EUS-BD is equally efficacious and possesses a better safety profile in the management of MBO and should be on the forefront of endoscopic biliary drainage. Therefore, EUS-BD could be used either as a primary or preferred salvage biliary drainage method in these cases.


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