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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 283-290

Usefulness of the automated multiband imaging system for EUS-FNA biopsy specimen evaluation in patients with upper gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions

Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Kosuke Okuwaki
Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/EUS-D-21-00143

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Background and Objectives: Sample isolation processing by stereomicroscopy (SIPS) was recently introduced as an alternative to rapid on-site cytologic evaluation and showed high accuracy for use in pathologic diagnoses. SIPS is a useful, but slightly complicated procedure; therefore, a new, more straightforward method for the objective estimation of the core tissue amount required during the sampling is desirable. We evaluated the usefulness of the automated multiband imaging system (AMUS) for calculating whitish core amounts in EUS-FNA biopsy (EUS-FNAB) samples from patients with subepithelial lesions (SELs). Methods: Four EUS-FNAB specimens per patient were obtained from 20 patients with upper gastrointestinal SELs. The correlation between the whitish core amount calculated by AMUS, length of the manually measured whitish cores (stereomicroscopically visible white core [SVWC]), and sample suitability for pathologic evaluation were analyzed. Results: We identified 13 patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors, five with leiomyomas, one with a schwannoma, and one with an ectopic pancreas. The histological diagnostic accuracy was 100%, median SVWC length was 9 mm, and median whitish core area, calculated using AMUS, was 10 mm2. SVWC length correlated with whitish core amount (ρ = 0.81, P < 0.01) and adequacy score (ρ = 0.54, P < 0.01). Whitish core amount correlated with adequacy score (ρ = 0.54, P < 0.01). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve calculated for whitish core amount with respect to the histological diagnosis was 0.83 (P < 0.01; cutoff ≥4 mm2, sensitivity 98.4%). Conclusions: AMUS, a simple on-site verification instrument, is an alternative to SIPS for determining the appropriate SEL tissue sampling quantity with high diagnostic accuracy.

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