|IMAGES AND VIDEOS
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 418-420
EUS-guided drainage of liver abscesses: Video demonstration of two novel endoscopic techniques (with video)
Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski, Abdelhai Abdelqader, Avik Sarkar, Haroon Shahid, Amy Tyberg, Michel Kahaleh
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
|Date of Submission||19-Jul-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||22-Oct-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||25-Jan-2022|
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Gjeorgjievski M, Abdelqader A, Sarkar A, Shahid H, Tyberg A, Kahaleh M. EUS-guided drainage of liver abscesses: Video demonstration of two novel endoscopic techniques (with video). Endosc Ultrasound 2022;11:418-20
|How to cite this URL:|
Gjeorgjievski M, Abdelqader A, Sarkar A, Shahid H, Tyberg A, Kahaleh M. EUS-guided drainage of liver abscesses: Video demonstration of two novel endoscopic techniques (with video). Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Nov 27];11:418-20. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2022/11/5/418/336601
| Introduction|| |
Liver abscesses are purulent collections in the liver parenchyma that can present with fever, sepsis, or multiorgan failure.
Conventionally, they have been drained percutaneously. However, liver abscesses that are accessible by EUS may benefit from an internal drainage as previously described.,, This manuscript emphasizes the need to customize the type of draining depending on the location and aspect of the infection collection.
| Case Studies|| |
A 71-year-old woman with benign biliary stricture and prior endoscopic biliary stenting presented with worsening right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain for 3 weeks. Laboratory examination revealed marked leukocytosis 34.4 bil/L (4.0–10.0 bil/L). Computerized tomography (CT) revealed a 12 cm × 8 cm left hepatic abscess [Figure 1]. Given proximity of the abscess to the gastric wall, EUS drainage was made, using a 15 mm × 10 mm cautery-tipped lumen-apposing metal stent (Hot Axios, Boston Scientific), after confirming purulent material by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the abscess. After stent deployment, there was an immediate release of 800 mL purulent material sent for analysis. Two 7 Fr ×7 cm double-pigtail stents were placed through the stent [Figure 2] to prevent friction between the wall of the abscess and the lumen-apposing metal stent.
|Figure 1: Computerized tomography scan revealing a 12 cm × 8 cm left hepatic abscess|
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|Figure 2: Placement of double pigtail stents within the lumen-apposing metal stent|
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A 74-year-old woman with prior medical history of metastatic breast cancer to the liver presented to the hospital with severe RUQ abdominal pain for 2 weeks, leukocytosis, and fevers. CT scan revealed multiple abscesses in the right and left lobe, largest one measuring 6 cm at the hepatic dome [Figure 3]. EUS fine-needle aspiration of one lesion confirmed pus; however, in contrary to Case 1, the abscess was located more distally and was separated from the gastric wall. A 10 mm × 60 mm fully covered metal stent with antimigration fins (Viabil, Conmed) was deployed, following formation of the tract with a needle-knife sphincterotome, guided by wire [Figure 4]. Both patients rapidly improved after drainage of the abscesses. Those two cases demonstrated two different methods of endoscopic drainage of liver abscesses, each abscess drained being guided by its proximity to the gastric wall [Video 1 [Additional file 1]].
|Figure 3: Computerized tomography scan revealing multiple approximate and distal abscesses|
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|Figure 4: Computerized tomography confirmation of placement of covered stent with antimigratory properties|
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Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient has given her consent for her images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understand that name and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski and Abdelhai Abdelqader disclose no conflicts related to the article. Avik Sarkar has done consulting work for US Endoscopy and Obalon Therapeutics.
Haroon Shahid has done consulting work for US Endoscopy.
Amy Tyberg has done consulting work for NinePoint Medical, EndoGastric Solutions, and Obalon Therapeutics.
Michel Kahaleh has done consulting work for Boston Scientific, Interscope Med, and Abbvie. He has received research grants from Boston Scientific, Emcision, Conmed, Pinnacle, Cook, Gore, Merit, and Olympus.
Michel Kahaleh is an Associate Editor of the journal. The article was subject to the journal's standard procedures, with peer review handled independently of this editor and his research groups.
| References|| |
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]