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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Learning curve for EUS-guided biliary drainage: What have we learned?


1 Division of Gastroenterology, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
2 Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
3 Hospital das Clinicas da FMRPUSP, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Michel Kahaleh,
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, 1 RWJ Place, MEB 464, New Brunswick, NJ 08901
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_42_20

PMID: 32687074

Background and Objective: EUS-guided-biliary drainage (EUS-BD) is an efficacious and safe option for patients who fail ERCP. EUS-BD is a technically challenging procedure. The aim of this study was to define the learning curve for EUS-BD. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing EUS-BD by a single operator were included for a prospective registry over 6 years. Demographics, procedural information, adverse events, and follow-up data were collected. Nonlinear regression and CUSUM analyses were conducted for the learning curve. Technical success was defined as successful stent placement. Clinical success was defined as resolution of jaundice and/or at least a 30% reduction in the pretreatment bilirubin level within a week after placement or normalization of bilirubin within 30 days. Results: Seventy-two patients were included in the study (53% male, mean age 67 years). Technical success was achieved in 69 patients (96%). Clinical success was achieved in 59/69 patients (86%). Seven patients (10%) had adverse events including bleeding (n = 6) and liver abscess (n = 1). The median procedural time was 59 min (range 36–138 min). This was achieved at the 32nd procedure. Procedural durations were further reduced to 50 min and below after the 50th procedure in a nonlinear pattern. This suggests that procedural durations approach a potential plateau after 100 cases. Conclusion: Endoscopists experienced in EUS-BD are expected to achieve a reduction in procedural time over successive cases, with efficiency reached at 59 min and a learning rate of 32 cases. Continued improvement is demonstrated with additional experience, with mastery suggested after approximately 100 cases.


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