Endoscopic Ultrasound

: 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 276--277

Endoscopic ultrasound for the diagnosis of an uncommon cause of obstructive jaundice masquerading as malignancy

Filippo Antonini, Giampiero Macarri 
 Department of Gastroenterology, A. Murri Hospital, Polytechnic University of Marche, Fermo, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Filippo Antonini
UOC Gastroenterologia ed Endoscopia Digestiva, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedale “A. Murri”, Fermo - 63900

How to cite this article:
Antonini F, Macarri G. Endoscopic ultrasound for the diagnosis of an uncommon cause of obstructive jaundice masquerading as malignancy.Endosc Ultrasound 2017;6:276-277

How to cite this URL:
Antonini F, Macarri G. Endoscopic ultrasound for the diagnosis of an uncommon cause of obstructive jaundice masquerading as malignancy. Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Jan 27 ];6:276-277
Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2017/6/4/276/190926

Full Text

A 42-year-old man with a history of alcohol consumption and smoking habit presented with abdominal pain, jaundice, and weight loss of 3-month duration. Laboratory results were significant for total bilirubin level of 5 mg/dL, direct bilirubin level of 4 mg/dL, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level of 81 IU/L, alanine transaminase (ALT) 66 IU/L, and alkaline phosphatase level of 1,200 IU/L. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed signs of chronic pancreatitis and a suspected pancreatic head mass causing obstructive dilatation of the common bile duct (CBD) [Figure 1]. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed a 2-cm stricture in the distal part of the CBD. Brush cytology was performed and a plastic biliary stent was successfully placed to relieve the obstruction. An endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with radial echoendoscope (GF-UE160-AL5, Olympus, Hamburg, Germany) showed a marked thickening of the second portion of the duodenum due to an enlargement of submucosal layer that had a pancreas-like echostructure, without hypoechogenic cavities. The biliary stent was surrounded by this thickened duodenal wall and no magss was found in the pancreatic head [Figure 2]. Results of brush cytology were negative for malignancy. These findings suggested a solid form of paraduodenal pancreatitis (PP) in a patient with chronic calcifying pancreatitis. A rapid clinical improvement was seen soon after alcohol withdrawal and without any other treatment. At a 3-month follow-up visit, the patient was persistently asymptomatic, with the plastic stent still in site.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

PP is a distinct clinicopathological entity occurring predominantly inside and around the duodenal wall along the minor papilla.[1] It has been reported under various names, including cystic dystrophy of heterotopic pancreas, paraduodenal wall cyst, and groove pancreatitis.[1],[2] PP can be classified morphologically as either a solid mass (solid variant) or a cystic lesions (cystic variant) within the pancreaticoduodenal groove or intramurally within the duodenal wall.[1] Patients with a chronic presentation can have evidence of jaundice, as a result of distal CBD narrowing, and chronic weight loss, features that are suggestive of an underlying malignancy.[3] The differentiation of PP from pancreatic head carcinoma can be extremely difficult, and many cases ultimately proceed to surgery because of an inability to reliably make this distinction. EUS allows accurate demonstration of PP. The narrowing of the duodenal lumen accompanied by wall thickening are characteristic features. Cystic lesions and calcifications in the duodenal wall can also be found. In case of jaundice, smooth tubular CBD stenosis and the absence of vascular encasement are suggestive of PP. EUS, in combination with fine-needle aspiration when needed, is a very useful investigation in doubtful cases.[3],[4]

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